Toronto, February 1, 2023 – Pizza Pizza Royalty Corp. (the “Company”) (TSX: PZA) and Pizza Pizza Limited (“PPL”) today announced that effective January 1, 2023, the number of restaurants on which royalties are paid to the Company by PPL (the “Royalty Pool”) has been adjusted to include 45 new restaurants opened during the prior year vend-in period, offset by 29 restaurants which were closed during the period.
By brand, 43 new Pizza Pizza restaurants and two new Pizza 73 restaurants were added to the Royalty Pool; there were 23 Pizza Pizza restaurants and six Pizza 73 restaurants closed and removed from the Royalty Pool. Of the 45 new restaurants, 25 were traditional restaurants and 20 were non-traditional locations, while the 29 closures were comprised of nine traditional restaurants and 20 non-traditional locations.
For 2023, there will be 743 restaurants (2022 – 727) in the Royalty Pool made up of 644 Pizza Pizza locations and 99 Pizza 73 locations.
The Company, indirectly through the Pizza Pizza Royalty Limited Partnership (the “Partnership”), owns the trademarks and trade names used by PPL in its Pizza Pizza and Pizza 73 restaurants. The Pizza Pizza trademarks and other intellectual property were licensed to PPL in 2005 for 99 years, for which PPL pays the Partnership a royalty equal to 6% of the System Sales of its Pizza Pizza restaurants in the Royalty Pool. In 2007, the Partnership acquired the trademarks and other intellectual property of Pizza 73 and licensed them to PPL for 99 years, for which PPL pays a royalty equal to 9% of the System Sales of the Pizza 73 restaurants in the Royalty Pool.
January 1, Royalty Pool Adjustment Date (the “Adjustment Date”)
Annually, on January 1, the Royalty Pool is adjusted to include the Forecasted System Sales from new restaurants added to the Royalty Pool net of System Sales from restaurants which were closed and removed from the Royalty Pool. The Forecasted System Sales from new restaurants added to the Royalty Pool may also be reduced by any decrease in system sales of a previously existing restaurant whose territory has been adjusted by a new restaurant. (See “Adjusted Restaurant” as defined in the Licence and Royalty Agreements).
In exchange for adding new restaurants to the Royalty Pool, PPL is compensated in equivalent Company shares (“Equivalent Shares”) using an agreed-upon formula which is designed to be accretive to current shareholders. Generally, when restaurants are added to the Royalty Pool, the forecasted increase to PPL’s System Sales (and thus, the Company’s royalty income) result in an increase in PPL’s ownership interest in the Company, reflected through an increase to the Class B and/or Class D Exchange Multipliers. In the case where system sales of the closed restaurants exceed the additional system sales of the additional restaurants added to the Royalty Pool, as was the case on January 1, 2020 and 2021, PPL will pay royalty income on the deficit (the “Make-Whole Carryover Amount”) to the Partnership in that year. The Make-Whole Amount will be carried over and royalties will continue to be paid for subsequent years, until on an Adjustment Date, additional system sales from additional restaurants are sufficient to fully offset the Make-Whole Amount. As per the Pizza Pizza Royalty Limited Partnership agreement, whenever the Estimated Determined Amount is negative it shall be deemed to be zero. Additional details about this formula can be found in Table 1 below and in the Company’s most recent Annual Information Form.
After the January 1, 2023 Adjustment Date, PPL now owns equivalent Shares representing 23.9% of the Company’s fully diluted shares as shown in Table 1. Prior to this adjustment, PPL’s ownership was 23.5%. PPL’s ownership is through its holdings of Class B and Class D units of the Partnership, which are exchangeable for a number of Shares based on the Class B and Class D Exchange Multipliers (the “equivalent Shares”). The following provides the details supporting the change in PPL’s ownership.
January 1, 2023 Royalty Pool Adjustment
On January 1, 2023 Adjustment Date, $6,520,000 of System Sales from Pizza Pizza restaurants were added to the Royalty Pool ($13,802,000 from the 43 new Pizza Pizza restaurants less $7,282,000 from the 23 permanently closed Pizza Pizza restaurants). The $6,520,000 net, estimated Pizza Pizza sales added to the Royalty Pool are applied against the $2,726,000 Make-Whole Carryforward Amount, reducing the Estimated Determined Amount to $3,794,000 for January 1, 2023. In exchange for adding sales to the Royalty Pool, the Class B Exchange Multiplier increased to 2.182493. PPL has received 160,304 additional equivalent Shares (through the change to the Class B Exchange Multiplier). The additional equivalent Shares represent 80% of the forecasted equivalent Shares entitlement to be received (200,380 equivalent Shares represent 100%), with the final equivalent Shares entitlement to be determined when the actual sales of the new restaurants are known with certainty in early 2024.
Additionally, $903,000 of System Sales from Pizza 73 restaurants were removed from the Royalty Pool ($520,000 from two new Pizza 73 restaurant less sales of $1,423,000 from the six permanently closed Pizza 73 restaurants). Since the system sales of the closed Pizza 73 restaurants exceeded the system sales of the restaurants added to the Pizza 73 Royalty Pool, a Make-Whole Payment will be added to the Make-Whole Carryover Amount from previous years and will be paid by PPL to the Partnership in 2023 and will be carried over, and may continue to be paid for subsequent years, as discussed above. Additionally, since the Estimated Determined Amount is negative it shall be deemed to be zero. Accordingly, the Class D Exchange Multiplier remained unchanged at 22.44976. The second adjustment to the Class D Exchange Multiplier will be adjusted to be effective January 1, 2023, once the actual performance of the new restaurants is determined in early 2024.
Table 1 – Summary of the Company’s Outstanding and Fully-Diluted Shares, including an analysis before and after the 20% entitlement holdback:
|Shares outstanding & issuable after January 1, 2023 Annual Adjustment||
Issued & Outstanding Shares, and Equivalent Shares
Issued & Outstanding Shares, Equivalent Shares and Holdback of Equivalent Shares
|Class B equivalent Shares held by PPL||5,313,909||5,313,909||(1)|
|Class D equivalent Shares held by PPL||2,244,975||2,244,975||(2)|
|Additional PPL Class B equivalent Shares as of January 1, 2023 (80%)||160,304||160,304||(3)|
|Additional PPL Class B equivalent Shares – 20% Holdback as of January 1, 2023||–||40,076||(4)|
|Additional PPL Class D equivalent Shares as of January 1, 2023 (80%)||–||–||(5)|
|Additional PPL Class D equivalent Shares – 20% Holdback as of January 1, 2023||–||–||(4)|
|Number of fully-diluted Shares||32,337,580||32,377,656|
|Percentage of fully-diluted Shares available for exchange by PPL at January 1, 2023||23.9%||24.0%|
(1) In early January 2023, adjustments to royalty payments and PPL’s Class B Exchange Multiplier were made based on the actual performance of the 34 new restaurants added to the Royalty Pool on January 1, 2022. As a result of the adjustments, the Class B Exchange Multiplier remains unchanged at 2.118582 and Class B Units can be exchanged for 5,313,909 shares, effective January 1, 2022.
(2) In early January 2023, adjustments to royalty payments and PPL’s Class D Exchange Multiplier were made based on the actual performance of the three Pizza 73 restaurants added to the Royalty Pool on January 1, 2022. As a result of the adjustments, the Class D Exchange Multiplier remains unchanged at 22.44976 and Class D Units can be exchanged for 2,244,975 shares effective January 1, 2022.
(3) Additional Class B equivalent Shares available January 1, 2023 are shown in the table and determined by the following three steps:
(a) Determined Amount = 92.5% x (1-Tax%) x [(Additional System Sales of Additional Restaurants – System Sales of Closed Restaurants – Make-Whole Carryover Amount) x Royalty rate]
(b) Exchange Multiplier increase = (80% of Determined Amount / Market Price of Shares determined on the Adjustment Date)
Class B Partnership Units Outstanding
(c) Issuable Equivalent Shares = Exchange Multiplier increase amount x Class B Partnership Units Outstanding
New Class B Exchange Multiplier = 2.182493
Tax % = 24.1%
Net Additional System Sales = $3,794,000
Royalty rate = 6%
Share yield = 5.86%
Class B Partnership Units Outstanding = 2,508,239
(4) A preliminary calculation of the 20% holdback of equivalent Shares was done as of January 1, 2023 using the net, 2022 Forecasted Sales. The final Class B and D equivalent Shares entitlement will be determined in early 2024, effective January 1, 2023 once actual sales of the restaurants are known.
(5) Due to the Determined Amount being zero, we do not anticipate there will be Additional Class D shares in 2023.
Certain statements in this press release, including those concerning Forecasted Sales performance of new restaurants and related adjustments to the Exchange Multipliers, may constitute “forward-looking” statements, which involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause the actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements.
When used in this press release, such statements include such words as “may”, “will”, “expect”, “believe”, “plan”, and other similar terminology in conjunction with a discussion of future operating or financial performance. These statements reflect management’s current expectations regarding future events and operating performance of the restaurants added to the Royalty Pool and speak only as of the date of this press release. Material factors or assumptions reflected in the presentation of Forecasted Additional System Sales include: demographic and competitive studies, historical sales performance of similar stores and economic forecasts for the retail industry. These forward-looking statements involve a number of risks and uncertainties. The following are some factors that could affect the forecasted performance of these restaurants, causing actual results to differ materially from those expressed in or underlying such forward-looking statements: competition, the store owner’s performance, changes in demographic trends, changing consumer preferences and discretionary spending patterns, changes in national and local business and economic conditions, and legislation and governmental regulation. These factors could also affect PPL’s ability to develop new restaurants. The foregoing list of factors is not exhaustive and should be considered in conjunction with the other risks and uncertainties described in the Company’s most recent Annual Information Form. The Company assumes no obligation to update these forward-looking statements, except as required by applicable securities laws.
For further information:
Christine D’Sylva, Chief Financial Officer, Pizza Pizza Limited
Telephone: (416) 967-1010 extension 393